A319 / B737, Zurich Switzerland, 2002

Summary: 

On 23 November 2002, an A319, landing on Rwy16 at Zurich Switzerland, narrowly missed collision with a B737-600 cleared for take off on an intersecting runway.

Event Details
When: 
23/11/2002
Event Type: 
Day/Night: 
Day
Flight Conditions: 
On Ground - Normal Visibility

18850

Flight Details
Aircraft: 
Type of Flight: 
Public Transport (Passenger)
Intended Destination: 
Take-off Commenced: 
Yes
Flight Airborne: 
Yes
Flight Completed: 
Yes
Phase of Flight: 
Landing

18851

Flight Details
Aircraft: 
Operator: 
Type of Flight: 
Public Transport (Passenger)
Flight Origin: 
Intended Destination: 
Take-off Commenced: 
Yes
Flight Airborne: 
Yes
Flight Completed: 
Yes
Phase of Flight: 
Take Off
Location
Location - Airport
Airport: 
General
Tag(s): 
Aircraft-aircraft near miss
HF
Tag(s): 
Ineffective Monitoring, ATC clearance error
RI
Tag(s): 
ATC error, Incursion pre Take off, Incursion after Landing, Intersecting Runways, Near Miss
Outcome
Damage or injury: 
No
Non-aircraft damage: 
No
Non-occupant Casualties: 
No
Off Airport Landing: 
No
Ditching: 
No
Causal Factor Group(s)
Group(s): 
Air Traffic Management
Safety Recommendation(s)
Group(s): 
Air Traffic Management, Airport Management
Investigation Type
Type: 
Independent

Description

On 23 November 2002, an AIRBUS A-319, landing on Rwy16 at Zurich Switzerland, narrowly missed collision with a B737 cleared for take off on an intersecting runway.

Synopsis

The following is an extract from the official Swiss BFU report into the event:

"During the approach on the runway 14 instrument landing system (ILS) the [A319] asked the aerodrome controller (ADC) about the possibility of a swing-over to runway 16. At this time the aircraft was at a distance of approximately 3.1 nm from the threshold of runway 14. The competent aerodrome controller gave clearance for this to the [A319], indicating that an aircraft was on take off roll on runway 28. Seventeen seconds after the clearance for the swing-over, [the A319] also received landing clearance for runway 16.

At the moment of issuing landing clearance to [the A319] the ADC was already involved for several minutes in an extensive dialogue with a previously under instrument flight rules (IFR) departed Cessna 172. These time-consuming radio communications were necessary because the Cessna’s transponder was not functioning.

In the meantime, in accordance with a previous clearance from the ADC, the next aircraft scheduled to take off, a Tunisair Boeing 737…, had aligned itself on runway 28 and had made ready for take-off. 1:25 minutes after [the A319] had received landing clearance for runway 16, [the B737] received take-off clearance from the ADC for runway 28. At this time [the A319] was about to touch down on runway 16. Shortly after touching down on runway 16, the flight crew of [the A319] became aware of [the B737], which was taking off. The CMD immediately initiated full braking of the Airbus 319. As a result it was possible to bring the [A319] to a halt about 50 m north of the shoulder of runway 28. From this standstill position, the flight crew of [the A319] observed the [the B737] which was taking off low over the runway intersection…"

Intersecting Runways 16 and 28

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