CL60, Montrose USA, 2004

Summary: 

On 28 November 2004, the crew of a Bombardier Challenger 601 lost control of their aircraft soon after getting airborne from Montrose and it crashed and caught fire killing three occupants and seriously injuring the other three. The Investigation found that the loss of control had been the result of a stall caused by frozen deposits on the upper wing surfaces after the crew had failed to ensure that the wings were clean or utilise the available ground de/anti ice service. It was concluded that the pilots' lack of experience of winter weather operations had contributed to their actions/inactions.

Event Details
When: 
28/11/2004
Event Type: 
Day/Night: 
Day
Flight Conditions: 
IMC

18635

Flight Details
Operator: 
Type of Flight: 
Public Transport (Passenger)
Flight Origin: 
Intended Destination: 
Take-off Commenced: 
Yes
Flight Airborne: 
Yes
Flight Completed: 
No
Phase of Flight: 
Take Off
Location
Location - Airport
Airport: 
General
Tag(s): 
Inadequate Aircraft Operator Procedures
FIRE
Tag(s): 
Post Crash Fire
HF
Tag(s): 
Aircraft acceptance, Inappropriate crew response - skills deficiency, Procedural non compliance
GND
Tag(s): 
Ground de/anti icing ineffective
LOC
Tag(s): 
Environmental Factors
Outcome
Damage or injury: 
Yes
Aircraft damage: 
Hull loss
Non-aircraft damage: 
Yes
Non-occupant Casualties: 
No
Occupant Injuries: 
Many occupants
Occupant Fatalities: 
Many occupants
Off Airport Landing: 
Yes
Ditching: 
Yes
Causal Factor Group(s)
Group(s): 
Aircraft Operation
Safety Recommendation(s)
Group(s): 
Aircraft Operation
Investigation Type
Type: 
Independent

Description

On 28 November 2004, a Challeger 601 operated by Global Aviation crashed on takeoff from Montrose, Colorado, USA, following loss of control due to airframe icing.

Synopsis

This is an extract from the Summary of the official report into the accident published by the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) (USA)

“On November 28, 2004, about 0958 mountain standard time, a Canadair, Ltd., CL-600-2A12, N873G, registered to Hop-a-Jet, Inc., and operated by Air Castle Corporation dba Global Aviation as Glo-Air flight 73, collided with the ground during takeoff at Montrose Regional Airport (MTJ), Montrose, Colorado. The on-demand charter flight was operated under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 135 on an instrument flight rules (IFR) flight plan. Instrument meteorological conditions prevailed, and snow was falling. Of the six occupants on board, the captain, the flight attendant, and one passenger were killed, and the first officer and two passengers were seriously injured. The airplane was destroyed by impact forces and postcrash fire. The flight was en route to South Bend Regional Airport (SBN), South Bend, Indiana.“

The probable cause of the accident was given as:

“…the flight crew's failure to ensure that the airplane’s wings were free of ice or snow contamination that accumulated while the airplane was on the ground, which resulted in an attempted takeoff with upper wing contamination that induced the subsequent stall and collision with the ground. A factor contributing to the accident was the pilots’ lack of experience flying during winter weather conditions.”

Related Articles

Further Reading

  • NTSB Accident Brief AAB-06/03, Crash During Takeoff in Icing Conditions, Canadair CL-600-2A12, N873G, Montrose, Colorado, November 28, 2004: /bookshelf/books/1059.pdf

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