Systems Thinking for Safety/AcciMaps
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AcciMaps is a systems technique for accident analysis in complex sociotechnical systems, producing a multi-layered diagrams, spanning immediate causes to remote governmental or societal-level causal factors. It has has been used in a range of industries including aviation, rail transport, defence, oil and gas, and public health.
Branford, K. (2011). Seeing the big picture of mishaps: Applying the AcciMap approach to analyze system accidents. Aviation Psychology and Human Factors, 1(1), 31–37. http://psycontent.metapress.com/content/24680tv1x2202358/fulltext.pdf
Rasmussen, J. (1997). Risk management in a dynamic society: A modelling problem. Safety Science, 27(23), 183-213.
Rasmussen, J. & Svedung, I. (2000). Proactive risk management in a dynamic society. Swedish Rescue Services Agency.
Underwood, P. & Waterson, P. (2014). Systems thinking, the Swiss Cheese Model and accident analysis: A comparative systemic analysis of the Grayrigg train derailment using the ATSB, AcciMap and STAMP models. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 68, 75–94.