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Systems Thinking for Safety/Systems Theoretic Accident Model and Processes (STAMP)

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STAMP views accidents as resulting from inadequate control or enforcement of safety-related constraints on the design, development, and operation. Accidents occur when component failures, external disturbances, and/or dysfunctional interactions among system components are not adequately handled.

Further reading

Leveson, N. (2004). A new accident model for engineering safer systems. Safety Science, 42(4), 237-270. http://www.skybrary.aero/bookshelf/books/409.pdf

Leveson, N. (2012). Engineering a safer world: Applying systems thinking to safety. MIT Press.

Underwood, P. & Waterson, P. (2014). Systems thinking, the Swiss Cheese Model and accident analysis: A comparative systemic analysis of the Grayrigg train derailment using the ATSB, AcciMap and STAMP models. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 68, 75–94.