A320, Hamburg Germany, 2008
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On 1 March 2008 an Airbus A320 being operated by Lufthansa on a scheduled passenger flight from Munich to Hamburg experienced high and variable wind velocity on short finals in good daylight visibility and during the attempt at landing on runway 23 with a strong crosswind component from the right, a bounced contact of the left main landing gear with the runway was followed by a left wing down attitude which resulted in the left wing tip touching the ground. A rejected landing was then flown and after radar vectoring, a second approach to runway 33 was made to a successful landing. No aircraft occupants were injured but the aircraft left wing tip was found to have been damaged by the runway contact. The track of the aircraft and spot wind velocities given by ATC at key points are shown on the illustration below.
An investigation was carried out by the German BFU. It was determined that the co pilot had been PF for the attempted landing and that the AP and autothrottle had been disconnected at 940 feet agl. After the second runway contact with the left wing down, the aircraft commander took and retained control except whilst giving a passenger briefing whilst the aircraft was being positioned for the second approach. Both flight crew reported being unaware of the wing ground contact.
Contact with the runway was found to have resulted in damage to the wing tip fence, slat No. 5 and leading edge slat rail guides 11 and 12. These components were replaced before the aircraft was returned to service.
The Findings of the Investigation included the following: